National Education Policy (NEP) 2019- Part 2

  • The current 10+2 education system will be replaced by  5+3+3+4 corresponding to age groups; 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18
  • Emphasis on ECCE – early childhood care and education, age groups; 0-3,. Nutrition of both the mother and the child, cognitive and emotional stimulation of the infant through talking, playing, moving, listening to music and sounds, and stimulating all the other senses particularly sight and touch. Exposure to languages, numbers, and simple problem-solving 
  • Foundation Phase – Play and discovery phase (three years of pre-primary education and Grades 1 and 2), age group; 3-8
  • Preparatory phase (Grades 3, 4 and 5) of basic education incorporating some textbooks as well as aspects of more formal classroom learning age group; 8-11
  • Middle school education (Grades 6, 7 and 8) would involve developing more abstract thinking and subject teaching, age group; 11-14
  • Secondary education phase (Grades 9, 10, 11 and 12) will facilitate multidisciplinary studies with appropriate exit options besides preparing for the next phase of undergraduate programme of study, including early introduction to Liberal Arts education, age group; 14-18 
  • The Masters and Doctoral levels will be strengthened with provision of at least three routes into the Masters’ degree – a one-year degree, a two-year degree, and an integrated five-year degree
  • The NEP does away with annual examinations and has proposed board examinations in modular form in Grades 3, 5, and 8, 10 and 12, and  will be redesigned to test conceptual understanding of students. A new National Assessment Centre, PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development), too will be set up as to set standards of education

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